Thursday, May 16, 2019
History of State and Federal Prisons Essay
The history of state and federal prison houses have similar ideals the state and federal systems have to rely on each other at times for housing each others criminals. A state prison is usually run by that particular(a) states government and they house individuals that have committed crimes against the rules and sanctions of the each state also k at one timen as sacrilegious collar criminals the federal prisons house individuals that have committed crimes against the rules and sanctions of the federal government and are called a white-hot collar criminal. State and federal prison systems more or less have the same levels of protective cover low, minimum, high, max, and super-max. Before federal prisons were created prisoners that were on a federal level had to be housed within state and local anesthetic prisons. The Federal Bureau of Prisons confines felons convicted of federal crimes and in several large cities pretrial defendants are held in federal jails pending trial (Foste r, 2006).The federal prison system began in the 1930s when President J. Edgar vacuum-clean passed and signed a bill that gave permission for the federal prison system to have a structure or federal facility to house its prisoners. The first federal U.S. Penitentiary was created in spike Leavenworth, Kansas this prison was constructed out of an old military prison prison (Foster, 2006). The state prison system was found and founded on the legal reforms of the 18th century Age of Enlightenment, (Foster, 2006) in the 19th century the state prison systems continued to base themselves around the Auburn model (Foster, 2006). Most states began with one state prison and now each state consists of more than 20 prisons, with the exception of the state of Texas that has 100 prison facilities. When state prison systems started men, women, and juvenile offenders were housed together up until it was determined that women, men, and children should have separate facilities to prevent sexual off ense, pregnancy, assault, and the impressionable milieu of hardened criminals on juveniles.The State facilities offer halfway houses for offenders to be able to go to work then come back to the house on a daily basis for a certain descend of time until the director of the halfway house History of State and Federal Prisons Page 2 and the courts spirit as though a person is ready to be put back into society reclamation facilities are also available to help criminals that are drug offenders, or any substance abuse offender kick their habit and give them mental support to stay on the straight and narrow. Overcrowding and backing are the biggest problems in the Department of Corrections today I think that if we could go back to permit convicts do jobs while in prison and making them pay for their own crimes both with time and currency earned from working while in prison this would cut down on the overcrowding as strong as funding issues. History of State and Federal PrisonsRefer encesFoster, B. (2006). Corrections The fundamentals. Upper Saddle River, NJ Pearson apprentice Hall.