Friday, March 1, 2019
Agriculture, in addition called kingdom or husbandry, is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel,drugs and other products utilize to sustain and resurrect charitable life. 1 Agriculture was the key festering in the rise of inactive human civilization, whereby agribusiness of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. The study of factory farm is known as rural science.The history of agriculture dates back thousands of historic period, and its development has been driven and defined by greatly different climates, cultures, and technologies. However, all farming generally relies on techniques to expand and maintain the lands that are suitable for meridian domesticated species. For plants, this usually requires some form ofirrigation, although there are methods of dryland farming pastoral herding on rangeland is still the most common means of raise livestock.In the developed worl d, industrial agriculture base on large-scale monoculture has come the dominant system of modern farming, although there is developing support for sustainable agriculture (e. g. permaculture or organic agriculture). Until the Industrial Revolution, the vast majority of the human population labored in agriculture. Pre-industrial agriculture was typicallysubsistence agriculture in which farmers elevated most of their wanders for their own consumption instead of for trade.A remarkable shift in agricultural readings has occurred over the past century in response to invigorated technologies, and the development of world markets. This too led to technological improvements in agricultural techniques, such as the Haber-Bosch method for synthesizing ammonium nitratewhich made the traditional practice of recycling nutrients with process rotation and animal manure less necessary. diachronic Development of Crop Production Early man lived on batty game, leaves, roots, seeds, berries, and fruits.As the population increased, the food supply was not always sufficiently steadfast or plentiful to supply his ineluctably. This probably led to the practice of yield production. Therefore, act upon production began at least nine thousand (9000) years ago when domestication of plants became essential to supplement natural supplies in genuine localities. The art of set production is older than civilization, and its essential features have remained some unchanged since the dawn of history. These features are 1. Gathering and preservation of seeds of the desired crop plants 2.Destroying other kinds of vegetation growing on the land 3. Stirring the vulgarism to form a seedbed 4. Planting when the time of year and weather are correct as shown by past experience 5. Destroying weeds 6. Protecting the crop from natural enemies 7. Gathering, processing and storing the product Origin of Cultivated Crops All gracious plants were domesticated from their wild species. However , the exact time and place of origin and the line up ancestry of many crops are still as highly wild as the origin of man. Man has domesticated some crop species that met his needs before the dawn of recorded history.Most of the domesticated crops were introduced into new areas far from their concentrate on of origin by migrating human populations in prehistoric as thoroughly as in recorded times. As a result, both endemic and introduced crops are grown everywhere in the world. Bikolandia Rice, corn, coconut, abaca, rootcrops, copra, and banana CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS A new crop classification, the Indicative Crop Classification (ICC) has been developed for the 2010 roofy of agricultural censuses, and is given at the end of this appendix.The crop classification used in the 2000 agricultural census programme reflected various elements related to to crops, including the growing cycle (temporary/permanent), crop species, crop variety (for example, hybrid/ordinary maize), season (for example, winter/spring wheat), land type (for example, wetland/dryland rice), crop use (for example, autumn pumpkin for food/fresh fish), type of product (for example, fresh/dried beans), how the crop is tasteful (for example, industrial crops), and cultivation methods (for example, crops grown under protective cover).ICC has been developed based on the Central Product Classification (CPC) (UN, 2004a). CPC classifies goods and services into categories based on the nature of the product and industry of origin. Crop products are classified in general according to the type of crop. CPC itself is based on the Harmonized Commodity commentary and Coding System (HS), a classification of the World Customs Organization. CPC is also broadly compatible with ISIC, in that the industry of origin is related to ISIC. ICC is also consistent with the classification of commodities used in FAOs on-line database, FAOSTAT.From a statistical point of view, the crop classification should be close ly related to the product classification, and to some extent to the economic activity classification (ISIC). The crop classification refers to which crops are grown, whereas the product classification refers to the product(s) generated from that crop. Thus, chinese mustard is an oilseed crop, whereas mustard seed is the oilseed product. There is not always a one-to-one correspondence between a crop and a product. The same crop may yield two products for example, cotton fiber may yield cotton fibre and cotton seed. Philippines Crop production indexCrop production index (2004-2006 = 100) The up-to-the-minute value for Crop production index (2004-2006 = 100) in Philippines was 111. 00 as of 2009. over the past 48 years, the value for this indicator has fluctuated between 113. 00 in 2008 and 29. 00 in 1961. Definition Crop production index shows agricultural production for from each one year relative to the base period 2004-2006. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regiona l and income group aggregates for the FAOs production indexes are calculated from the underlying set in international dollars, normalized to the base period 2004-2006.