Thursday, February 28, 2019
Kaleidoscopic: An Analysis of Ã¢â¬ÅThe WastelandÃ¢â¬Â by T.S. Eliot Essay
T.S. Eliots The waste product is know for its kaleidoscopic and break up ricochet, with the converging of different styles from different movements of poetry the employment of a wide seethe of metaphorical devices (from allusions to the decidedly Christian quest for the Holy Grail, to references about past Greece, and more pagan origins the diversity of allusions from different cultures only serves to raise the universality of the songs report) and the wealth of convolutions of the rime as a whole, start from hotshot scene to a nonher in an abrupt and disc at one timerting need of traditional cohesion.There are rapid shifts not only in imagery and perspective, but too in setting, and in subject. And yet the song is unified by its overall theme of despair despair and futility in the midst and at the inevitable end of mans anticipate for peace and contentment. Man subjects himself to a baffled search for spiritual peace, when, in the end, he essential be resigned th at the search is, after all that time, futile, level never-ending. It is this futility and despair that grounds the fragments of the poem, the so-called bigger picture, make it into that which the poem strives to attain.A technique that Eliot employs is the deliberate scattering of connected passages that discuss one subject. As an exploration of the theme, he carries it further by dissecting the subject, offering hints and foreshadowing in earlier lift offs of the poem, then places the other divisions into a variation of sections.Malcolm Bradbury and mob McFarlane, in their previous essay Name and Nature of Modernism for Modernism, 1890-1930, encapsulates the fragmented miscellanea of the poem Modernist bats frequently tend to be ordered, then, not on the sequence of historical time or the evolving sequence of character, from account or story, as in realism and naturalism they tend to work spatially with layers of consciousness, working towards a logic of metaphor or form ( p.50).The Modernist poems multiplicity in layers exploits the poetic form in that insights and epiphanies are not procured at face value, that the reader must take it upon himself to discover and explore the layers and exposition. Also, the collage- care quality of this Modernist poem tore done the traditional forms of poetry and poetics, in its audacious experimentation.Jerome Rothenberg and Pierre Joris in their introductory essay for Poems for the Millennium say, A characteristic of modern art (and poetry) so defined . . . has been the questioning of art itself as a discrete and jump category (p.8). The poet and the poem continue to push at the boundaries, insisting that the boundaries should not even be existent an intention that The Wasteland succeeds in carrying out.Although the legion(predicate) convolutions and intricacies in The Wasteland evoke the initial impression of fragmentation, there are interlocking themes and content, if not passages reminiscent of others, foun d throughout the poem. Part of Eliots poetics is, on a lower floorneath all the references from other fragments of literature and all levels of allusions, there are images that shall mirror another, and then another, though they may be as baffling as a single word in a line, through they may be scattered throughout the entire length of the poem. atomic number 53 example of this resonance can be found in Eliots mention of drowning, or expiration by water. The narrative is prophesied near the start-off of the poem, lines 46 and 47 say, Here, said she, / Is your card, the drowned Phoenician crew member, followed with the ominous statement, Fear death by water in line 55, found in the identical section. It is essential to note that among the ancient Mediterranean people, it was the Phoenicians who became known for expertness in sailing and navigation, mastering the rather challenging task of sailing against the wind, making headway little by little, by tacking back and forth (Bla ck).Eliot provides this information through a prophesy by one of the umpteen characters in the poem, Madame Sosostris, a clairvoyant. This adds another dimension to the resonance of the passage because, as well as being part of a group of references, its very position as being the first the readers encounter in the poem provides and carries out its intention of foretelling the future.Eliot then continues to explore this theme, in more or less teasing narrative, throughout the poem. The next reference is found in part three, or The Fire Sermon. In line 220 221, the sailor is mentioned again in, At the violet hour, the evening hour that strives / Homeward, and brings the sailor home from sea. Interestingly, this is imparted in the form of another prophecy of sorts this time from the blind seer Tiresias.This passage offers a kind of build-up by narrating the usual routine of a sailor in one of his less sad days at work. The statement is an aside, a mere commentary at the larger p icture painted by The Fire Sermon, although in its simplicity and subtlety, the passage succeeds in presenting that the Phoenician sailor is supposed to come home from a hard day (and wickednesss) work at the sea.Which makes it all the more tragic, as these resonant images culminate, appropriately enough, in part four, titled Death by Water. Everything comes together in this part of the poem. The skilled yet unfortunate Phoenician sailor is named, Phlebas, and we regard his fate, that which has long been hinted at from different parts of the poem. Phlebas dies, . . . a current under sea / Picked his bones in whispers (line 315). And he dies, not for want of expertise in his profession, but by forgetting . . . the cry of gulls, and the deep sea bubble up / and the profit and loss (lines 313 to 314) readers get the impression that Phlebas was preoccupied, in reflection of matters known only to him.In him readers behold another character of Eliots, who emulates a theme of the poem, that human beings are in a continuous search for some(prenominal) sort of peace or contentment, yet they must resign ourselves to a life of futility and despair. Death by Water concludes with a note, some talking to of caution, still reminding the reader of the Phoenician sailors skill, his promise, regardless of his tragic death O you who turn the wheel and look to windward, / Consider Phlebas, who was once handsome and tall as you.Aside from being a limited review of traditional form and the very definition of art and poetry, the poem also became a critique of the current social condition. Published in the viewing of World War I, which had been the most destructive war in biography at that point, many believed that the poem was an indictment of post-war European culture and as an expression of disillusionment in contemporary society, which Eliot believed to be culturally barren. despair was the consensual mood of nations, and salvation seemed bleak at the time. The Wasteland encapsulated that consensus, that attitude, displaying one of the characteristic of Modernism, which is the one art that responds to the scenario of our chaos (Bradbury and McFarlane, 27). And the stylized fragmentation of the poem serves to thrust that aim further, form functioning to serve the subject matter.The Wasteland as a Modernist poem employs daring experimentation of style, from sudden shifts in form and style and subject, to the division of narrative style and exposition. Passages reminiscent of each other are found throughout the poem, carrying with it the theme of the poem like an interconnection of veins throughout a human body. It is a critique of the time, and of the times before that had shaped the current situation. As Rothenberg and Joris state, The most interesting work of poetry and art are those that question their own shapes and forms, and by implication the shapes and forms of whatever preceded them (p. 11).Works CitedBlack, Bob. Borne by the Wind The Lur e and Lore of Sailing. Microsoft Encarta 2006. CD-ROM. Redmond, WA Microsoft Corporation, 2005.Bradbury, Malcolm and James McFarlane. Modernism, 1890-1930. Sussex Harvester Press, 1879.Harmon, William. T.S. Eliot. Microsoft Encarta 2006. CD-ROM. Redmond, WA Microsoft Corporation, 2005.Ramazani, Jahan, Richard Ellmann and Robert OClair, eds. The Norton Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Poetry. impertinent York W. W. Norton, 2003.Rothenberg, Jerome and Pierre Joris, eds. Poems for the Millenium the University of California Book of Modern and Postmodern Poetry. Berkeley University of California Press, 1998.