Friday, January 25, 2019
Stylistic Analysis: “To—” by Peter Shelley
Language through Poetry A Stylistic Analysis of Percy Bysshe Shelleys To &8212 A Stylistic Paper Presented to The Faculty of the Department of English imbed of Arts and Sciences Far Eastern University Manila In Partial fulfillment Of the Requirement for the Course Eng C 31Introduction to Stylistics Osabel, Julla C. Panis, Kimberly Nicole S. October, 2012 I. Reaction and its effects on you II. Summary of the Text Percy Bysshe Shelleys To &8212 is cardinal of his melodic rimeis a poem map to stock feelingsideally of the wild-eyed Era.In his poem, the poem is well-nigh an unrequited de lessena term that is utilize when one psyche has strong feelings towards another that is not reciprocated. Or in other linguistic process, someone is in esteem with someone else who is not interested. It is to a fault about realistic and complicated love, which means that the persona of the poem wants to declaim his emotions towards the takeressee tho he fe ared to charge because in rea lity, he knew that it is impossible for them to be together, thus, this depicts the personas complicated feelings or emotions and the reality of their relationship to apiece other.The poem illustrates farewell and goodluck to the addressee. To summarize the poem, it is about a man who is in love with someone else or he secretly in love with, who is not interested. He wants to express his feelings to the addressee but he feared to express it, cod to his complicated emotions, he chose not to say his emotions because in reality, the addressee will not love him back. Instead of obvious insisting his feelings towards the addressee, the man shows farewell and goodluck to the person he loved most. III. Stylistic AnalysisA. Stylistic Tools Phonology Phonology is the correction of how hygienics are organized and use in natural languages. It has a phonological system of a language includes, an inventory of sizables and their features, and rules which specify how deceases interact with severally other. In other speech communication, Phonology is just one of several aspects of language. It is link to other aspects such as phonetics, morphology, syntax, and pragmatics (Sil, 2004). Hence, in Stylistic analysis, Phonology is one of the suited units of analysis in poetry.Basic proceed Patterns Sound devices are resources utilize by poets to express and emphasize the meaning or experience of poetry through the skilful use of hold out. After all, poets are trying to use a foc apply blend of sound and imagery to form an turned on(p) response. The words and their order should evoke images, and the words themselves flummox sounds, which can strengthen or otherwise clarify those images. Sound patterns have different elements that show the nature of poetry, and these are the following 1. Alliteration C-V-CAlliteration is the repeating of the same garner or sounds at the beginning of two or more words immediately succeeding each other, or at short intervals. e. g De wdrops dancing on the drifting dust made for a disconsolate day. 2. Assonance C-V-C Assonance is the repetition of vowel sound sounds in nearby words. It is used to reinforce the meanings of words or to set the mood. e. g Try to light the fire. 3. unity C-V-C Consonance is the repetition of consonant sounds by not vowel sounds. e. g Some mammals are clammy. 4. Reverse poetry C-V-CReverse Rhyme it is the repetition of consonant and vowel sounds which happen at the beginning. e. g brainless, bracelet, brakeless 5. Parafrost C-V-C Pararhyme is the repetition of of starting signal and the last consonant sounds. e. g bat and brat 6. Rhyme C-V-C Rhyme is the repetition of similar sounds. In poetry, the most common kind of rhyme is the end rhyme, which chokes at the end of two or more lines. It is ordinarily identified with lower case letters, and a new letter is used to identify each new end sound. e. g I saw a fairy in the wood, He was dressed all in green. He drew his sword whil e I just stood,And realise Id been seen. 7. repeat is anything that is repeated. e. g goodnight goodnight, parting time is such a lovely grieve that I shall say goodnight till it be morrow &8212 Romeo and Juliet, W. Shakespeare These sounds or elements of sounds are used by the poets to convey the meaning of the text. In this procedure, the poet or source strengthen the vividness of the imagery of the poem to discern its effects or significance of the text. Sound Symbolism Sound symbolism is the study of the call relationship between the sound of an utterance and its meaning (Hinton, 1999).Sound symbolism is long among the worlds languages. Furthermore, sound symbolism plays a significant parting in language, especially at the affective level. Essential to the study of cognitive poetics is the concept of sound symbolism, which has been defined differently by different authors but here refers to cases in which a sound unit such as a phoneme, syllable, feature, or tone is said to go beyond its linguistic function as a contrastive, non-meaning-bearing unit, to directly express some kind of meaning (Nuckolls,1999).Jespersen (1922) made the claims that sounds that are suggestive of meaning (which he claims happens through association, not because a sound intrinsically has a specific meaning) makes words more fit to survive and give them considerable help in their struggle for existence. Mithun (1982) notes that, in many languages, words for noises, animal cries, noetic states, physical states, and actions, termed by Fudge expressive vocabulary, seem particularly tolerant to regular phonetic change.She goes on to give the specific framework of Iroquoian languages, where expressive terms are characterized by special syntactic, morphological, and phonological patterns. communicatory vocabulary and taboo words contain sounds that do not drop dead elsewhere. She also claims that expressive vocabulary in Iroquoian languages is imitative and therefore insusce ptible to phonological change. While she does not make specific claims about certain(p) sounds being related to certain meanings, her data suggest that phonemes do have a relationship to meaning in Iroquoian ideophones, but that relationship may be imitative rather than iconic or symbolic.The significance of sound, sound patterns and sound symbolism is that in terms of writing texts, particularly poetry, it helps the poets or writers convey the message of the text in implicit manner. This may add to the aesthetic effects of writing poetry while on the readers, the favor is that, it helps them to understand, appreciate and feel the emotions of the text that the poet is trying to convey. Every sounds of the text has its meaning, whether it get or gives emphasis to the text. B. Stylistic Tool/ Discussion of coding In this short phonological analysis it begins with the analysis of the sound pattern of the poem.In each sound pattern, it has shaded area where it shows the comprehensibi lity of the analysis after that, the researchers tabulated it to find the oftenness and contribution form the least human activity of sound pattern used up to the most number of sound pattern used. Alliteration, Assonance, Consonance, Rhyme and Repetition To &8212- BY PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY One word is too often juicyd For me to profane it, One feeling too falsely disdained For thee to disdain it One wish is too like despair For prudence to smother, And pity from thee more close Than that from another. I can give not what men call love,But flag thou accept not The worship the heart lifts above And the area reject not, The desire of the moth for the star, Of the night for the morrow, The devotion to something afar From the sphere of our sorrow? As can be seen in the text, the most number of shaded sound patterns belongs to Rhyme. As rhyme pattering is concerned, two types of rhyme to be distinguished. First, in the low stanza of the text, the shaded rhyme words are rhyme has several syllables and the stressed rhyming syllable, which means that this type of rhyme is Feminine (Latham, 2010).While on the second stanza, same as in first stanza of the text, the shaded rhyming words are in womanish type expect from the first line of the 2nd stanza. (love), thus, it shows the masculine rhymesingle stressed syllable (Costa,2000). The least number of sound pattern used in the text is the Consonance. The sound /t/ occur once in the first and second line of the 2nd stanza. In this two lines practically all the consonants are plosives. To them is generally associated a sound of harshness and hardness (Costa,2000). The use of one masculine rhyme in text depicts the persona of the poem which is man, while the remaining feminine rhymes depict the addressee, which is woman. The connection of those two types of rhymes that were distinguished in the text is that, the man, who is in love with the addressee (woman), but the addressee know nothing about the mans feeling to wards her. The use of one consonance in the text, illustrates the volume of hardness of the feelings to the persona to express is least. Therefore, it shows the personas spot which is fearful of expressing his thoughts to the addressee and due to this, it is explained suitable for the theme of the poemunrequited love.Figure 1. Sound Pattern Percentage Sound Pattern Frequency Percentage (%) Consonance 1 5 Assonance 3 16 Alliteration 4 21 Repetition 4 21 Rhyme 7 37 TOTAL 19 100 As revealed by the number of percentage of the sound pattern used in the poem, Rhyme has the most number of percentages. This shows that rhymed stanzas are used in lyrical poetry. Traditionally, in romantic era, lyrical poetry use rhymed stanzas to convey or express strong feelings thus, the significant use of the it is that, it reveals the fusion of sound and sense in the poem.