Saturday, March 30, 2019

Analysis of Reasons for Banning Nuclear Power

psychoanalysis of Reasons for Banning thermonuclear world springnuclear originator Should Be Stopped In japanElectricity is necessary for life. Most items need electricity. There atomic number 18 many a(prenominal) a(prenominal) kinds of natural resources, such as oil, coal, and fossil fuels in the world. However, there is a reverberate on consuming these resources. Electricity withal rear be gaind by many methods, such as thermic force out, wind king, solar situation, ge other(a)mal electric cause, and hydroelectric cause. Each unpolished uses different methods to come up electricity. Some lookries focus on cost. Other countries focus on ampere-second emission or legal injury to creation when cerebrovascular strokings legislate. In japan, many methods atomic number 18 organism employ. There ar seventeen nuclear power makes and these atomic number 18 helpful to generate electricity because nuclear power bottomland produce huge centers of electricity at once. However, nuclear power withal has disadvantages. When the Tohoku temblor occurred on March 11 2011, Fukushima Daiichi nuclear billet Plant in Japan was broken. Thus, the great unwashed who live in Japan had a limit of spending electricity. nuclear power plants should be stopped in Japan because it throws the opening move of radio participating accidents, gives humans genus Cancer, and pollutes air, obscenity, and water supply.The main reason for nuclear power plants to be banned in Japan is that nuclear power creates the possibility of radioactive accidents. On March 11 2011, the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami happened. Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan was broken by this earthquake. Even trifleers who work at the Tokyo Electric Power Company could not check nuclear power plants at that time. This accident was managed by Nuclear regulatory Commission. They wrote a document which listed the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant as superstar of the ro ughly trouble-prone nuclear facilities in Japan. (Wang and Chen 2611) This shows that nuclear power plants create the possibility of radioactive accidents, and gives flock fear. Therefore, this is terrible to use for electricity.Even now, many people who live around Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant stick outnot go back to their town. There are more than 90,000 residents, who were evacuated from areas surrounding the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. (Cuttler 1) The total measurement of released radionuclides has been estimated to be 520 PBq (excluding noble gases) for releases of 137Cs, estimations are about 12 PBq, which is about 15% of that released at Chernobyl. (Higaki et al. 1) Radionuclides which were released from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant were short-circuit out from Fukushima to Kanto area. Air, soil, and water were polluted directly. Although 15% of that released at Chernobyl, actinotherapy which was released by nuclear power plants was higher pe rcentage than average. Availability of cooling water has been one of the major issues in the selection of nuclear power plant sites.(Zhao et al. 41) When a radioactive accident happened in Japan, sea water was used for cooling down.1 The water which was used for cooling down was contaminated and leaked. As a result, vegetables, fish, and livestock were polluted indirectly by contaminated soil and water. This shows that radiation therapy can spread out quickly. aft(prenominal) the Fukushima nuclear accident from the 17th March 2011 to the 31st March 2012 the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and offbeat set a provisional regulatory value of 500 Bq/kg (fresh weight basis) for radio cesium (134Cs and 137Cs) in vegetables and crops.(Higaki et al. 1) Prefectural goernment and the Ministry of Health, Labour and welfare serveied intellectual nourishment safety and reported. Products including spinach, mushrooms, bamboo shoots, tea, milk, plumes, and fish pitch been found to be conta minated with cesium and iodine as far as 360 km from Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant. (Zheng, Tagami, and Uchida. 1-2) However, food which is do in near Fukushima and did not find radiotherapy was criticized. For example, the north part of Japan is a great place to evolve rice, yet rice was not bought because rice might be contaminated. Thus, this accident gave farmers who live in the north part of Japan economic damage. Possibly, if people eat food which contains radioactivity, they are exposed to shaft.Likewise, humans were contaminated. Many people were killed by not only an earthquake but alike shaft exposure. Humans absorbed radioactivity both directly and indirectly from air, soil, and food. radiation unwellnessiness causes cancer, such as leukemia. On August 6 1945, an atomic flush it was dropped in Hiroshima. This bomb also gave humans radiation exposure. This tragedy happened 70 years ago. Nonetheless, many people who experienced this tragedy was dropped is suffering from radiation exposure. When most or all of the human body is exposed to a single dose of more than 1 Gy of radiation, acute radiation sickness can occur (Christodouleas et al. 2337) This pith that even a small amount of radioactivity can give humans radiation sickness. Clinicians have been raise in x-ray exposure during pregnancy since the 1950s, and they reported an approximately 40% increase in the risk forms of radiation, for instance CT scan, fluoroscopy, or mammography. (Smits and Dolores 441) radiation is used for diagnosis at hospitals. The radioactivity which is used at hospitals should be safe. Nevertheless, even at hospitals, radioactivity can be dangerous. If pregnant mothers are examined by CT scans, fluoroscopy, or mammography, unborn babies may get trouble. For these reasons, radioactivity is dangerous and harmful for health.On the other hand, some people like to use nuclear power plants because they are ecofriendly. World Nuclear connectedness and supranationa l Atomic competency Agency (IAEA), contend that nuclear power is a sustainable postcode source that reduces coulomb emissions. (Bhasin and Aparna 1) Thermal power plants release carbon dioxide instead of radioactivity. This mean nuclear power plants can help to prevent global warming. Energy installations, especially thermal power plants that use coal as a fuel, can influence the environment, sometimes leading even to ecological balance damage within areas where they are located, so that the energy field be considered as the main defilement source. (Costel 1) If carbon emissions are focused, nuclear power plants are better than thermal power plants. A large number of studies have illustrated the public veneration about the adverse effects of mobile phone radiation and feasible health hazards. (Marica, Luinica and Luminita 561) Not only nuclear power plants, but also some electricity, such as cell phones release radioactivity. Human populations have always been exposed to ionizi ng radiation from natural sources. (Pehlivanglu and Kilincarslan 275) This means that there is radioactivity in the air already before why radiation accidents.In addition, radioactivity is used for medication, such as CT scans, and radiation. Radioactivity causes cancer, whereas it is also effective to cure cancer. The report, released by the UN Scientific Committee on the effectuate of Atomic light beam (UNSCEAR) warns that the damage caused by focusing and worry over radiation will likely cause much more damage than the radiation itself.(ASIA 1) The Majority of people think that cancer risk was change magnitude by radioactivity. However, some people think the reason cancer risks increase is not only radioactivity. People who live in Fukushima were under stress because people could not get exact information. When the earthquake happened, media, internet, phone services, and transportations were confusing. pubic louse risk was increased by not only radioactivity, but also stre ss.Nuclear power plants can be hazardous weapons. Fukushima is an eerie reproduce of the denial and controversy that began with the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. (Perrow 56) Japan is only one country that suffered an atomic bomb attack. Accordingly, Japanese people tend to already notice how much radioactivity is dangerous. They also notice that they cannot control nuclear power plants if radioactive accidents were to happened. The nuclear disaster in the Japan nuclear power plant Fukushima Daiichi has reminded the importance of proofed and reliable systems used in the active or passive mode for application in case of dear nuclear accident. (Maar and 81) The radioactive accident that happened in Fukushima warned that nuclear power plants creates the possibility of radioactive accidents.Nuclear power plants can be ecofriendly because carbon emission is low. Nuclear power plants produced 13% of all electricity in the world in 2008. (Islam and Ahiduzzaman 26) In Japanes e case, 30% of electricity was produced by nuclear power plants before happening the earthquake. (Wohns 5) Most electricity is being made by other ways in the world. However, Japan count on nuclear plants. Japan can get technology from other countries. Furthermore, Japan can use election energy. Alternative energy is energy generated in ways that do not deplete natural resources or harm the environment, especially by avoiding the use of fossil fuels and nuclear power. (Oxford d2ictionary) exemplifications of alternative energy are solar energy, biomass energy, wind energy, and geothermal energy. In Japan, solar energy has been becoming common. Solar panels are attached on separately tolerate roof. Solar power plants release 40 g/kWh and nuclear power plants release 30 g/kWh. (Murphy and David 522) These two amounts are set about than other power plants. One of benefits of solar power plants is that if electricity which is made by solar power plants so not use everything, the el ectricity can sale to power company in Japan. In my case, my house has solar panels on roof. The panels can produce electricity for whole my house. Moreover, a few of electricity can sale to power company, so my house does not buy electricity from power company. Solar power plants can replace with nuclear power plants.Some people said that cancer was caused by not only radioactivity but also stress. This perspective could be true. However, after leaking out radioactivity by accidents, such as Chernobyl, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and Fukushima, cancer rate was increased. In the Ukraine, children were born with deformities and developed cancer today, most children there still3 develop leukemia at an early age. (Robertson 11) This result shows radioactivity gives humans huge impacts. It also shows children are exposed indirectly. In pregnancy, the diagnosis of pulmonic embolism (PE) is problematic. (Nijkeuter et al. 1857) This shows that radioactivity which is used at hospital is also can expose fetus indirectly. Aftereffects which are caused by radiotherapy are known. Although radiotherapy is effective for cancer, patients get damages, such as nausea or move hair. People are always exposed to ionizing radiation, which could badly influence their health. (Samadi, Bahman, and Nima 52) this means that radioactivity already exists in the air without radioactive accidents, but the radioactivity is not huge amounts. However, if radioactive accidents happen, radioactivity is leaked in the air. After leaking radioactivity, the amount of radioactivity should be more than the average amount which exits in the air.In conclusion, nuclear power plants can be dangerous when radioactive accidents happen because, air, soil, food, and water are contaminated by radioactivity directly and indirectly after accidents happen. Moreover, radioactivity can cause cancer. For these reason, nuclear power plants should be stopped in Japan.Works CitedASIA. No Cancer Increase After Fukushima U N. TCE The Chemical Engineer 876 (2014) 17. donnish calculate Complete. Web. 23 July 2014.Bhasin, Amit, and Aparna, Ahuja. Harnessing Nuclear Energy Health Risks. Indian journal Of checkup Specialities 2.1 (2011) 46-53. faculty member research Complete. Web. 19 July 2014.Costel, Alic. Laurean, Marinel, Manea. Traian, Vasiu. Gheorghe, Dobrei. Environmental Impact Due To Use Of Coal In Mintia Thermal Power Plant. Revista Minelor / Mining Revue 19.1 (2013) 2-7. Academic research Complete. Web. 20 July 2014.Cuttler, Jerry M. Commentary On The Appropriate Radiation Level For Evacuations. Dose-Response 10.4 (2012) 473-479. Academic assay Complete. Web. 23 July 2014.Higaki T, Higaki S, Hirota M, Hasezawa S. Radiocesium Distribution In Bamboo Shoots After The Fukushima Nuclear Accident. Plos ONE 9.5 (2014) 1-9. Academic Search Complete. Web. 17 July 2014.John P. Christodouleas, M.D., M.P.H., Robert D. Forrest, C.H.P., Christopher G. Ainsley, Ph.D., Zelig Tochner, M.D., Stephen M. Hah n, M.D., and Eli Glatstein, M.D. Short-term and long term health risks of nuclear-power-plant accidents. New England journal of medicine 364.24 (2011) 2334-2341. Academic Search Complete. Web. 22 July 2014.Marica, Lucia, and Luminita Moraru. weigh Regarding Electromagnetic Radiation Exposure Generated By Mobile Phone. AIP Conference proceedings 1400.1 (2011) 560-564. Academic Search Complete. Web. 23 July 2014.Maar, Tomas, and Jiri Martinec. Possibilities Of Vapour Condensation And Heat assembling Systems For Loca Accidents In Nuclear Power Plants. Annals Of The Faculty Of Engineering Hunedoara International Journal Of Engineering 12.2 (2014) 81-84. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 July 2014.Murphy, Patrick, and David J. Browne. Solar Energy Competitive On Carbon Emissions?. Engineers Journal 62.9 (2008) 550-555. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 July 2014.Nijkeuter, M.,Grlrijns, J, De Roos , A, Meinders, E, and Huisman, M. Diagnosing Pulmonary Embolism In Pregnancy Rationalizi ng Fetal Radiation Exposure In Radiological Procedures. Journal Of Thrombosis Haemostasis 2.10 (2004) 1857-1858. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 July 2014.Pehlivanogl, F., and S Kilincarslan. Determination Of Natural Radioactivity In Aggregates From westbound Mediterranean Region. Acta Physica Polonica, A 125.2 (2014) 275-277. Academic Search Complete. Web. 21 July 2014Perrow, Charles. Nuclear defense From Hiroshima To Fukushima. Bulletin Of The Atomic Scientists 69.5 (2013) 56-67. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 July 2014.Robertson, Naomi. Harnessing The Power Of Radioactivity. small Scientists Journal 4.9 (2011) 10-12. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 July 2014.Sadrul Islam, A. K. M., and M. Ahiduzzaman. Biomass Energy Sustainable closure For Greenhouse Gas Emission. AIP Conference Proceedings 1440.1 (2012) 23-32. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 July 2014.Samadi, Mohamad Taghi, Bahman GolzarKhojasteh, and Nima Rostampour. Indoor Natural Radiation Level In Hamadan Provi nce, 2012. (English). Journal Of Mazandaran University Of Medical Sciences (JMUMS) 23.99 (2013) 52-59. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 July 2014.Smits, Ariel K., Heather L. Paladine, and Dolores Zegar Judkins. What Are The Risks To The Fetus Associated With symptomatic Radiation Exposure During Pregnancy?. Journal Of Family Practice 55.5 (2006) 441-444. Academic Search Complete. Web. 23 July 2014.Wang, Qiang, and Xi Chen. Regulatory Failures For Nuclear Safety The Bad Example Of Japan Implication For The Rest Of World. Renewable Sustainable Energy surveils 16.5 (2012) 2610-2617. Academic Search Complete. Web. 17 July 2014.Wohns, Anthony. Fukushimas Lessons For Boston Debating The Future Of Nuclear Energy. Harvard International Review 35.3 (2014) 4-5. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 July 2014.Zhao, Haihua. Zhang, Hongbin, Sharpe, Phil, Hamanaka, Blaise, Yan, Wei., and Jeong, WoonSeong. Ice Thermal Storage Systems For Nuclear Power Plant Supplemental Cooling And Peak Power Shi fting. Journal Of Energy Engineering 139.1 (2013) 41-47. Academic Search Complete. Web. 23 July 2014.Zheng, Jian, Keiko Tagami, and Shigeo Uchida. Rapid Analysis Of U Isotopes In Vegetables Using ICP-MS Application To The Emergency U observe After The Nuclear Accident At TEPCOs Fukushima Dai-Ichi Power Station. Journal Of Radioanalytical Nuclear Chemistry 292.1 (2012) 171-175. Academic Search Complete. Web. 19 July 2014.1incomplete sentence2capitalize3misspelling

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